Molino de Flores (Mill of Flores) is the old structure
of a hacienda located in the municipal locality of
Texcoco, one hour away from the centre of Mexico City.
The famous gardens that King Nezahualcóyotl had built
during the prehispanic era near the indigenous
population of Texcoco were located around this Hacienda
during the 14th Century. The Hacienda has its
origins a little after this, with the arrival of the
Spaniards to the area in the 16th Century,
when the peninsular Juan Vázquez obtained Royal favour
to establish a property destined for textile production.
A while later, the place started producing flour,
leaving important dividends to the property that quickly
became one of the most prosperous of the region, it
adopted its actual name from one of its owners, Alfonso
Flores de Valdez.
Most of the buildings in Molino de Flores were
constructed by Don Miguel de Cervantes y Velasco,
marquis of Salvatierra, who built the Main House, the
access porch, the Temple of San Joaquín and the chapel
of the Lord of the Dam. According to tradition, this
last building was constructed to commemorate a
miraculous apparition that took place in the rocky
slopes that border the Cuxcahuaco River, which runs
through the property. A particular fact of this chapel
is that it’s partly maintained by the river’s slopes,
having been practically excavated from the rock in a
similar way as the Pyramid of Malinalco. Don Miguel de
Cervantes y Velasco also planned out the gardens of the
property which were elegantly decorated with flowers,
fountains and several waterfalls.
This Hacienda continued prospering until the porfirian
era when, in addition to the activities mentioned
before, also started to produce a large amount of the
pulque that supplied Mexico City. Nevertheless, at the
beginning of the Mexican Revolution the property was
abandoned and suffered a strong deterioration that left
a large part of its buildings in ruins, until the place
was declared National Park by the president Lázaro
Cárdenas in 1937.
Today, the deteriorated state of this place is actually
one of its attractions, as the Molino de Flores ruins
have been used as film settings for more than fifty
Mexican and foreign films. It is also an important site
for recreation for the inhabitants of the neighboring
communities that visit mainly on Sundays and also
constitutes a fine midday getaway for the people who
live in or visit Mexico City.