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01.27.2010

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Temple of San Fernando
Historical Centre / Images of the Historical Centre / Attractions of Mexico City

Area: Historical Centre
Address:
Paseo de la Reforma on the corner with Hidalgo
Metro: Hidalgo

The Temple of San Fernando is located in a place which, at the time of the viceroyalty, was practically on the outskirts of Mexico City on the Old Road to Tacuba, now Puente de Alvarado avenue. Today, this temple stands in the middle of important avenues and its atrium, which has been turned into a pleasant square, represents the western limit of the area that holds historical monuments in the centre of the city.

The temple was built in 1735 by the Franciscan missionaries of the Propaganda Fide College, an institution  which prepared the priests whose job it would be to spread the Christian faith in distant territories such as the Philipines and other places of the Orient; the architectural complex included a college and cemetery. The temple displays several elements which are characteristic to the builidings constructed in Mexico City during the 18th Century, like the combination of tezontle stone and grey quarry stone from Chiluca used around the windows of the thick walls. The main fašade is Baroque, richly ornate with fluted and estipite columns as well as various high reliefs and an octagonal belltower. In the interior, the temple boasts a beautiful,  golden altar which contrasts with the relative sobriety of the whole.

When the goods of the clergy were confiscated during the 19th Century, a great amount of the property was sold with the intention of using the land to increase the city's area by broadening its limits, which means that, today, a large part of the original construction is missing.

The temple's surrounding area is unfortunately in a bad state and represents a call for atention to the integral restoration of not only the San Fernando square, but its surroundings as well, which in spite of their neglect, represent one of the most pleasant open spaces of the Historical Centre.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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